The Carmel Formation
The Carmel Formation is a recurrent shallow sea shelf, formed during the Bajoncian period of the Mid Jurassic,
with depths ranging from 20-60 feet containing a plethora of marine life which directly relates to the formation of large fossil beds composed of
bryozoans, oysters, and ammonite fossils, while during the periods of sea recession, dinosaur footprint fossils can be found, but are rare. The Carmel formation is mainly composed of layers of limestone, varying in hues of gray, and brittleness, as well as typical sedimentary stones, prominently sandstone, as well as mudstone, both of which are intermixed with layers of a muted gray-white gypsum.